Senegalia senegal / Acacia Senegal (Former Name)
A small deciduous tree native to many desert regions. In addition to being grown as a tropical plant it has a commercial use as a food additive. Mimosa like leaves are accented by white flower puffs. Low branches and roots that grow close to the surface making the plant a most interesting bonsai art piece. Likes coarse textured – sandy soils and is moderately drought tolerant. Can survive extreme heat but will not tolerate any frost whatsoever. Seed germination will be slow and not all at once. Do not over water.
1. Grows 16 – 40 feet as a standard in its native habitat
2. The plant is a nitrogen fixer
3. The wood can be used to make handles for tools, and parts for weaving looms
4. The bark as well as surface grown roots are made into rope products
5. In order to produce the desired gum the tree needs to be under stress
6. Gum arabic has been used for at least 4,000 years in the preparation of food, medicines, crafts and as a cosmetic
7. Flowers during the rainy season
8. Gum is produced at about 3-4 years
9. Use of gum arabic dates from the first Egyptian Dynasty about 3400 B.C.
10. It was used in the production of
11. Inscriptions from the 18th Dynasty refer to gum as ‘komi’ or ‘komme’
12. Poduces the only acacia gum evaluated toxicologically as a safe food additive
13. Gum arabic is used in cosmetics as an adhesive for face masks and powders, as well as helping to give a smooth feel to lotions
14. Seed can remain viable if stored in air tight containers for up to 4 years